What is wellness? Definition, types and skills of wellness (2023)

What is wellness? Definition, types and skills of wellness (1)

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Wellness is the experience of health,happinessand prosperity. It includes having good mental health, high life satisfaction, a sense of meaning or purpose, and theability to manage stress. In more general terms, well-being is simply feeling good (Answer this questionnaire to discover your level of well-being.)

Wellness is something almost everyone strives for because it includes so many positive things: feeling happy, healthy, socially connected and purposeful. Unfortunately, wellness seems to be on the decline, at least in the United States, and increasing your wellness can be difficult if you don't know what to do and how to do it.

These are some of the reasons why I foundedBerkeley Wellness Institute— an organization that translates the science of wellness into simple tools and products that help you increase your wellness. And they are the reasons why I wroteGet Over Your Smartphone: Mindful Tech Habits to Find Happiness, Balance, and Connection IRL, which helps people face new challenges that interfere with our well-being in the age of technology.

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Can you really improve your well-being?

Increasing your well-being is simple; there are tons of skills you can develop. But increasing your well-being isn't always easy: find out which parts of well-being are most important to you.youand discoveringasExactly, developing wellness skills usually requires some extra help.

How long does it take to improve well-being?

Typically, when people begin to consistently use science-based techniques to improve well-being oremotional well-being,they start to feel better quickly. In the studies I've done and read, most people show significant improvements within five weeks.

But you have to stick to it. If yousonfeeling better after five weeks, he can't stop there.

Why? Well, you probably already know that if you stop eating healthy and go back to eating junk food, you'll end up where you started. It turns out that exactly the same thing is true for different types of well-being. If you want to maintain the benefits you gain, you will need to continue to engage in wellness-enhancing practices to maintain your abilities. Therefore, it is very useful to have strategies and tools to help you meet your needs.long term goals— for example, ahappiness and well-being planor an activity to improve well-being that you can continue to practice throughout your life.

Here's what you need to know:

Where does well-being come from?

Well-being arises from your thoughts, actions and experiences, most of which you have control. For example, when we think positively, we tend to have greater emotional well-being. When U.Slook for meaningful relationships, we tend to have better social well-being. And when we lose our job, or just hate it, we tend to experience less well-being in the workplace. These examples begin to reveal how broad well-being is and how many different types of well-being there are.

Since wellness is such a broad experience, let's break it down into its different types.

5 main types of wellness

  • Emotional well-being.The ability to practice stress-managementyrelaxation techniques,be resilient, increaseself love, and generate the emotions that lead to good feelings.
  • Physical well-being.The ability to improve your body's functioning throughhealthy lifeand good exercise habits.
  • Social welfare.The ability to communicate, develop meaningful relationships with others, and maintain a support network to help you copesoledad.
  • Workplace Wellbeing.The ability to pursue your interests, values ​​andpurpose of lifeto gain meaning, happiness and professional enrichment.
  • Social welfare.The ability to actively participate in a thriving community, culture and environment.

To develop your overall well-being, you must ensure thatallof these types are working to some extent.

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Think of it like this: Imagine you are in a car. Your engine works great and maybe your transmission works great too, but your brakes don't work. Since your brakes don't work, it really doesn't matter how well your engine runs; You will still have trouble moving on with your life.

The same goes for your well-being. If everything in your life is going well, but youfeeling alone, or are eating unhealthy, other areas of your life will be affected and you may not feel as good as you'd like.

Since each part of wellness is important to your overall sense of well-being, let's talk about how to develop each type of well-being:

Emotional well-being.To develop emotional well-being, we need to develop emotional skills, skills such aspositivity,emotional regulation, youconscience, For example. We often need to develop a variety of these skills to deal with the wide variety of situations we encounter in our lives. When we build these emotional well-being skills, we can improvedeal with stress, managing our emotions in the face of challenges and quickly recovering from disappointments. As a result, we can enjoy our lives a little more,be happierand chase ourgoalsa little more effective.

Here are some of the skills that research suggests contribute to emotional well-being:

  • HappinessSkills
  • conscienceSkills
  • Positive thinkingSkills
  • ResilienceSkills

Physical well-being.To develop our physical well-being, we need to know whatdietand shows an exercise routine so that we can implement effective strategies in our daily lives. When we improve our physical well-being, not only do we feel better, but our new health can also help prevent many diseases,heal our bowels, increase our emotional well-being and limit the number of health challenges we have to deal with in our lives.

Here are some of the things that can help you improve your physical well-being:

Unfortunately, it is possible to eat healthy and still not be healthy. We may accidentally miss out on important foods or nutrients. Or we can overload ourselves with toxins from plastic or processed foods. As a result, we may need to eat extra food, detox our bodies, or prevent these toxins from entering our bodies again. That's why learning about health is essential so we can make the right changes, ones that lead to long-term health and well-being.


Social welfare.To develop social well-being, we need to develop our social skills, such asgratitude, kindness and communication. Social skills facilitate our positive interactions with others, helping us feel less alone, angry, or disconnected. When we develop our social well-being, we feel more meaningfully connected to others.

Here are some of the skills that research suggests contribute to better social well-being:

  • practicingGratitude(for example with agratitude journal)
  • Building Meaningful Social Connections
  • Manage your relationship with technology

It is important to know that building social well-being is one of theto improveways to build emotional well-being. When we feel socially connected, we also tend to feel better, have more positive emotions, and handle challenges better. That is why it is essential to build our social well-being.

Workplace Wellbeing.To develop our well-being in the workplace, we need to develop skills that help us pursue what really matters to us. This may include developing professional skills that help us meet ourlife goalsand help usmanifest things, but it also includes things like living our values ​​and maintaining a work-life balance. These skills allow us to enjoy our work more, helping us to stay focused, motivated and successful at work. When we develop well-being at work, our work, and therefore every day, feels moresignificant.

Here are some of the key skills needed for workplace wellness:

  • Maintain balance between work and personal life
  • find your purpose

Since we spend a lot of time at work, building our well-being in the workplace has a big impact on our overall well-being.

Social welfare.To develop social well-being, we need to develop skills that make us feel interconnected with all things. We need to know how to support our environment, build stronger local communities and promote a culture of compassion, justice andkindness. These skills help us feel like we are part of a thriving community that truly supports each other and the world at large. When we cultivate social well-being, we feel that we are part of something bigger than ourselves andlives happily.

While each of us makes up only a small fraction of a society, it takes all of us to create social well-being. If each of us did an act of kindness for someone in our community, we would live in a very caring community. Or if we all decide that we're going to recycle, we suddenly create a world with a lot less waste. To live in a healthy society, we too must contribute to a healthy society.

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Here are some of the skills you can develop for greater social well-being:

  • living your values
  • Create a plastic-free home
  • Making a positive impact on other people's lives
  • Kindness

Who benefits most from building wellness?

Not everyone experiences the same benefits when building their well-being. For example, a lot of research suggests that the more motivated you are to develop wellness skills, the greater the impact. Perhaps this is not surprising.

Still other research shows that having skills likegrowth mindsetthe onepositive attitudein fact, it can help you develop your other wellness skills more easily. That's why I often encourage people to develop these skills first; then you will be able to increase the other types of well-being more easily.

Also, developing wellness skills is perhaps most beneficial for people who struggle the most, especially if they've been through something recently.stressful. It may be more difficult to build well-being during this time, but the impact can be greater because there is more room for improvement.

There is no magic in building well-being

Keep in mind that it takes time and effort to develop any new skill set, which includes wellness skills. It's important to be realistic with yourself about what you can reasonably accomplish in a given amount of time. Having unrealistic expectations can cause you to give up before reaching your wellness goals. Therefore, it is essential to create arealistic plan for your well-being, persist and take small steps every day that result in big improvements over time.

If you've read my previous posts, you might be aware that I too have struggled with aspects of my well-being, particularly maintaining my work-life balance. The truth is, we all struggle, and new struggles can and will arise, even if you're doing it right. But the more we work to strengthen our wellness skills, the easier it will be to be resilient, take the necessary steps to recover and move forward.

Increasing your well-being is a lifelong pursuit, but it's worth it.


What is wellness and types of wellness? ›

Wellness means overall well-being.

It may also help individuals live longer, manage current health conditions, and support recovery from illness, injury, and addiction. Use these links to explore the eight dimensions of wellness and campus resources related to each: physical. emotional. social.

What is the definition of wellness? ›

Wellness is the act of practicing healthy habits on a daily basis to attain better physical and mental health outcomes, so that instead of just surviving, you're thriving. To understand the significance of wellness, it's important to understand how it's linked to health.

What are the 4 types of wellness? ›

The Four Dimensions
  • Spiritual Wellness. Spiritual strength is that force that drives us to make sacrifices for others, our nation, and the greater good. ...
  • Emotional Wellness. Emotional wellness refers to building an awareness of and accepting one's feelings and moods. ...
  • Physical Wellness. ...
  • Social Wellness.

What are the 5 types of wellness? ›

There are five main aspects of personal health: physical, emotional, social, spiritual, and intellectual.

What are the 7 types of wellness? ›

Wellness is commonly viewed as having seven dimensions: mental, physical, social, financial, spiritual, environmental, and vocational. These dimensions are interdependent and influence each other. When one dimension of our well-being is out of balance, the other dimensions are affected.

What are the three definitions of wellness? ›

Emotional: Being aware of, accepting and expressing our feelings, and understanding the feelings of others. Spiritual: Searching for meaning and higher purpose in human existence. Social: Connecting and engaging with others and our communities in meaningful ways.

How do you define wellness for yourself? ›

We invite you to think of wellness as meaning being healthy in many dimensions of our lives. That includes the emotional, physical, occupational, intellectual, financial, social, environmental, and spiritual parts. These dimensions are interconnected, one dimension building on another.

Who first defined wellness? ›

The word wellness was coined in 1950 by Halbert Dunn, an American physician, who integrated the words wellbeing and fitness in it .

What is the definition of wellness quizlet? ›

a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

What are the 12 types of wellness? ›

The continuum includes: 1) Self-responsibility & Love; 2) Breathing; 3) Sensing; 4) Eating; 5)Moving; 6) Feeling; 7) Thinking; 8) Playing & Working; 9) Communicating; 10) Intimacy; 11) Finding Meaning; 12) Transcending.

What are the 6 types of wellness? ›

The National Wellness Institute promotes Six Dimensions of Wellness: emotional, occupational, physical, social, intellectual, and spiritual.

What are the 8 types of wellness? ›

Wellness comprises of eight mutually co-dependence dimensions: emotional, physical, occupational, social, spiritual, intellectual, environmental, and financial. If any one of these dimensions is neglected over time, it will adversely affect one's health, well-being, and quality of life.

Are there different types of wellness? ›

Wellness encompasses 8 mutually interdependent dimensions: physical, intellectual, emotional, social, spiritual, vocational, financial, and environmental (Table 1) (1).

What are the 5 words that describe total wellness? ›

Synonyms of wellness
  • health.
  • fitness.
  • healthiness.
  • wholeness.
  • wholesomeness.
  • agility.
  • strength.
  • soundness.

What are the 3 types of well-being? ›

Physical well-being. Economic well-being. Social well-being.

What are the 3 phases of wellness? ›

Here are the three phases of care:
  • Acute care to relieve pain.
  • Corrective care to increase or optimize physical function.
  • Long-term wellness care that includes activities, services, and guidance.
Sep 4, 2018

What is the meaning of wellness skills? ›

It includes a range of emotional skills like positive thinking, resiliency, and using our strengths. By developing these skills, we can better manage emotions, cope with stress, and live satisfying, meaningful lives.

What are examples of wellness? ›

Some examples of wellness goals include:
  • Eating a healthy diet.
  • Getting regular exercise - maybe you join a gym or high a personal trainer to work on your personal wellness goal or exercise routine.
  • Getting enough sleep.
  • Managing stress levels.
  • Staying positive.
  • Spending time with loved ones and friends.
Nov 1, 2022

Why is it called wellness? ›

1650s: The use of the word “wellness” in the English language – meaning the opposite of “illness” or the “state of being well or in good health” – dates to the 1650s, according to the Oxford English Dictionary.

What is the importance of wellness in life? ›

Wellness is especially important as we age because regular exercise and proper nutrition can help prevent a variety of ailments including cardiovascular disease, obesity, and fall risk behaviors. Additionally, the need for vitamins and minerals increases after age 50, so it's ever important to have a healthy diet.

What is the key to your wellness? ›

As a quick overview, Wellness is maintained by paying attention to our daily lives on four levels: Physical, Mental, Emotional and Spiritual Health. To accomplish this, there are five simple keys or exercises: Self-Love, Breathing, Positive Choices, Balance and Trust.

How do you apply wellness in your life? ›

Incorporating Wellness into Your Daily Routine
  1. Get enough sleep. We all know how important it is to get enough sleep, but how many of us actually get the sleep we need? ...
  2. Exercise. ...
  3. Hydrate. ...
  4. Increase fruits and vegetables. ...
  5. Surround yourself with uplifting people. ...
  6. Seek ways to simplify your life. ...
  7. Take time to meditate.
Jan 31, 2017

What is the definition of wellness in psychology? ›

According to the World Health Organization, mental wellness is defined as “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes their own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”

What are wellness issues? ›

Mental, Emotional, and Social Health. Sexual Health and Identity. Violence, Abuse, and Discrimination.

How is wellness different from health? ›

In understanding the difference between health and wellness, in short, health is a state of being, whereas wellness is the state of living a healthy lifestyle (3). Health refers to physical, mental, and social well-being; wellness aims to enhance well-being.

What are the 7 components of total wellness? ›

The Seven Dimensions of Wellness
  • Physical.
  • Emotional.
  • Intellectual.
  • Social.
  • Spiritual.
  • Environmental.
  • Occupational.

What is the importance of wellness? ›

Physical wellness promotes proper care of our bodies for optimal health and functioning. There are many elements of physical wellness that all must be cared for together. Overall physical wellness encourages the balance of physical activity, nutrition and mental well-being to keep your body in top condition.

What are 8 things you can do to improve your health and wellness? ›

20 Simple Ways to Improve Your Health and Wellness
  • Drink More Water. Aim to drink 60oz of water every day. ...
  • Get More Sleep. You should be getting 7-9 hours of GOOD sleep every night. ...
  • Walk It Out. ...
  • Stretch. ...
  • Eat Breakfast. ...
  • Meditate. ...
  • Cook Meals. ...
  • Friends and Family Time.

What is the most important dimension of wellness? ›

1.) Physical Wellness
  • Physical wellness is the most straightforward dimension of wellness to quantify. ...
  • Dietary adjustments typically include eating more vegetables, cutting back on things like salt, avoiding sugary drinks, and other simple carbs. ...
  • Sedentary lifestyles kill.
Feb 21, 2020


1. An Introduction to Health Promotion and the Ottawa charter
(Let's Learn Public Health)
2. The 6 dimensions of wellness
(RGMG Education)
3. Digital Flourishing: Strategies for Fostering Wellness in an Era of Remote Work
(Alumni Learning Consortium)
4. How To Become A Successful Wellness Coach
(Coach Ajit x Evercoach)
5. Sample 90 Minute Health and Wellness Coaching Session With Dr. Walters
6. Understanding TOTAL Wellness


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